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(PHP 4 >= 4.0.5, PHP 5)

array_reduce — Iteratively reduce the array to a single value using a callback function


mixed array_reduce ( array $input , callback $function [, int $initial ] )

array_reduce() applies iteratively the function function to the elements of the array input , so as to reduce the array to a single value. If the optional initial is available, it will be used at the beginning of the process, or as a final result in case the array is empty. If the array is empty and initial is not passed, array_reduce() returns NULL.

Example#1 array_reduce() example

function rsum($v$w)
$v += $w;

$v *= $w;

$a = array(12345);
$x = array();
$b array_reduce($a"rsum");
$c array_reduce($a"rmul"10);
$d array_reduce($x"rsum"1);

This will result in $b containing 15, $c containing 1200 (= 10*1*2*3*4*5), and $d containing 1.

See also array_filter(), array_map(), array_unique(), and array_count_values().